Medical enhancements of this age have cured numerous diseases and ailments. Surgeries such as colectomy are a successful surgical procedure in which a portion of the colon is resectioned. This kind of surgery can cure a number of problems in the colon like cancer, chronic diseases, blockages and perforations.
One type of colectomy is the right hemicolectomy. The right hemicolectomy is a colectomy whereas the ascending colon is removed and the two free ends are then joined together. This procedure is also known as Anastomosis. A stoma is unlikely formed when this surgery is done. Even so, if a stoma is formed it will only be in a brief period of time.
Right hemicolectomy is sometimes carried out with the use of a laparoscopy. This laparoscopic approach uses a camera and some instruments in three little incisions in order to aid dissection. The moment the bowel has been ready and mobilised, another small incision is done in order to resection the infected part of the colon. And through that incision, the two ends of the colon are joined together.
After the operation, the patient is monitored closely. The specialist nurse measures particular factors and guarantees to avoid inconvenient problems are detected and treated early. Since, the patient has just gone right hemicolectomy his or her diet will change. The diet will consist of just little sips of liquids to light foods as the recovery improves.
The moment the patient is able to eat light solid food it would be possible for the urinary catheters and intravenous drips to be removed. The mobility of the patient will depend upon adequate pain control and the patients are encouraged to sit up and even take a small walk, needless to say, with assistance. Hospitalization of patients is expected from four to seven days after the surgery.
Commonly, patients that have recently undergone right hemicolectomy may experience changes in bowel routine. The patient may experience frequency of the bowel movement but less likely, they may have diarrhea. However if this occurs, this is cured by a drug in order to slow down the bowel movement.
Right hemicolectomy has some risks of complications. The complications may be classified as non-specific complications and specific complications. Non-specific complications are connected with having an anaesthetic and being immobile for quite a time in bed.
Non-specific complications may include: chest infections which is common to smokers or patients that have pre-existing disease in the lungs, venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and cardiac complications. Although rare, specific complications may comprise of: a wound infection, delayed return to normal gut function, leakage from the join between the small and large intestine, and hernia of the wound. Even though such complications may arise, these can be prevented immediately when detected instantly.
Right hemicolectomy can help in combatting ailments that try to harm our colon. This surgical procedure is a way to prove that solutions are mostly at hand when dilemma tries to invade our system. Complications may arise due to the operation but with proper care and early detection, it can be prevented to worsen.